Category Archives: Enlightenment

Caputo: Chapter Six—Truth in the Postmodern Situation—Part Five—Hermeneutics

Caputo begins the next section regarding ‘paradigm shifts’ this way: “First, Reason suffered a body blow from Heidegger’s hermeneutics in 1927, then a shot to the head from Wittgenstein’s Philosophical Investigations (1951); finally there came the knockout punch from Thomas … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, Hermeneutics, John D. Caputo, Modernity, paradigms, Postmodernity, Science, Thomas Kuhn

Caputo: Chapter Six—Truth in the Postmodern Situation—Part Four—Hermeneutics

Caputo continues with the aspect of what philosophers in both Europe and here in the US began to understand was not working as far as the Enlightenment understanding of truth: “What was splitting apart was the notion of Pure Reason, … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, Hermeneutics, John D. Caputo, Wittgenstein

Caputo: Chapter Six—Truth in the Postmodern Situation—Part One

After narrating our philosophical history and showing how we arrived here, Caputo brings us up to our current time.  Regardless what one thinks of his reading of that history, in its general outline, in its general emphasis, in its general … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, John D. Caputo, Postmodernity, Truth

Caputo: Chapter Five—Postmodern Prophets—Part Three

Continuing with Nietzsche, we come to his idea of “eternal recurrence.”  *Caputo puts it thus: “Eternal recurrence is the mythic idea that the course of time will be repeated over and over again, and has already been repeated an infinite … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, ethics, John D. Caputo, Postmodernity, Truth | 9 Comments

Caputo: Chapter Five—Postmodern Prophets—Part Two

In contrast to Kant who lived, wrote, taught, and died in the same place, with little or no travel abroad, Friedrich Nietzsche was probably the first European philosopher of note to extensively use the modern railway system.  He did his … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, John D. Caputo, Kant, Postmodernism | 118 Comments

Caputo: Chapter Five—Postmodern Prophets—Part One

In the Enlightenment and early modernity, truth and the concepts surrounding that idea were thought of (and communicated as) mostly academic and abstract intellectual endeavors.  Along with Hegel came others who began to think the idea of truth was much … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, John D. Caputo, Kierkegaard, Postmodernism, Truth | 39 Comments

Caputo: Chapter Four—The Enlightenment and Its Critics: A Short History—Part Two

As noted, Caputo then moves on to the first critics of the Enlightenment and those who set the stage for what we now call postmodernism.  These are Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831); Soren Kierkegaard (1813-55); and Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900).  Caputo … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, Hegel, John D. Caputo, Truth | 1 Comment

Caputo: Chapter Two—What Do We Do With Religious Truth?—Part One

Caputo begins the chapter with this humorous story: “One day one of our children came home from school and announced to us that he was an atheist.  I had two responses.  First, I said, never tell that to your grandmother.  … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, John D. Caputo, Modernity, Postmodernity | 3 Comments

Caputo: Chapter One—Modernity and the Eclipse of Truth—Part Four

So we’ve been talking of modernity and the problem it was invented to solve—namely how to deal with the question (and its implications) of which religion was true.  Modernity was imagined and given metaphysical weight to create a “secular” space—a “public” space where … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, John D. Caputo, Kant, Modernity, Postmodernity | 3 Comments

Caputo: Chapter One—Modernity and the Eclipse of Truth—Part Three

In the last post we talked about the rise of modernity, it’s twin mothers (The Enlightenment and the Reformation), and how this changed how we understood something to be “true” and indeed what the very concept of “truth” meant.  We … Continue reading

Posted in Enlightenment, John D. Caputo, John Milbank, Modernity, Narrative, Postmodernity | 4 Comments